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Keynote | Technical

Human-in-the-loop: a design pattern for managing teams which leverage ML

Thursday 16th | 12:15 - 12:45 | Theatre 25


One-liner summary:

Human-in-the-loop is an approach which has been used for simulation, training, UX mockups, etc.

Keywords defining the session:

- Machine Learning

Description:

Human-in-the-loop is an approach which has been used for simulation, training, UX mockups, etc.  A more recent design pattern is emerging for human-in-the-loop (HITL) as a way to manage teams working with machine learning (ML). A variant of semi-supervised learning called _active learning_ allows for mostly automated processes based on ML, where exceptions get referred to human experts. Those human judgements in turn help improve new iterations of the ML models.
This talk reviews key case studies about active learning, plus other approaches for human-in-the-loop which are emerging among AI applications. We’ll consider some of the technical aspects — including available open source projects — as well as management perspectives for how to apply HITL:
  * When is HITL indicated vs. when isn’t it applicable?
  * How do HITL approaches compare/contrast with more “typical” use of Big Data?
  * What’s the relationship between use of HITL and preparing an organization to leverage Deep Learning?
  * Experiences training and managing a team which uses HITL at scale
  * Caveats to know ahead of time
  * In what ways do the humans involved learn from the machines?
In particular, we’ll examine use cases at O’Reilly Media where ML pipelines for categorizing content are trained by subject matter experts providing examples, based on HITL and leveraging open source [Project Jupyter](https://jupyter.org/ for implementation).